If you are not familiar with the Keto or Carnivore Diet...read my guide on “Keto & Carnivore Diet”.
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From Carnivores to Omnivores to Herbivores
2.4 Million Years: Hunter-gatherer
10,000 Years: Agriculture
100 Years: Processed Food
If the history of Homo Sapiens were a 24-hour clock…
23 hours → Meat, Fish, Fruits / Vegetables
6 minutes → wheat, corn, potatoes
4 Seconds → Processed Food (seed oils, sugar, unsaturated fat, starches)
Nose to Tail Carnivore
Our ancestors hunted game animals for sustenance and consumed “nose to tail.”
“Nose to tail” is the consumption or utilization of the entire animal from the muscle meat to the organs to the ligaments and tendons.
Modern carnivores following the “steak and eggs” diet lack key micronutrients in the nose to tail carnivore lifestyle without supplementation. Consuming Muscle Meat is insufficient. However, an elimination diet of animal protein and saturated fat is more nutritious than other diets.
Beef Liver complements Steak
Organ Meat Complements what Muscle Meat Lacks
It’s as if the liver, heart, brain, and tendons are a perfect complement for muscle meat.
Beef is low in DHA Omega-3 yet “cow brains” are high in Omega-3.
Beef is low in vitamin C yet Kidneys and Liver are high in vitamin C.
Arnold Schwarzenegger consumed tablets of beef liver as a superfood in his path to 7 Mr. Olympia titles.
Advantages of Beef Liver
Carnivore v Vegan Superfoods
Beef provides more nutrients and in higher quantities than glorified plant superfoods like kale.
Beef, however, is not sufficient for an optimal diet. Organ meats, particularly beef liver, are necessary to complement the deficiencies in muscle meat.
Vegetable v Meat
Steak & Eggs + Beef Liver → Optimal Diet
Overview of Supplements for “standard” carnivore diet
If your diet lacks organ meats, particularly beef liver, continue reading…
Electrolytes: Magnesium and Sodium (Mg, Na)
Electrolyte deficiency is the #1 cause of “keto/carnivore flu” and fatigue during the absence of carbohydrates. The body flushes out electrolytes and water more rapidly without carbohydrates to absorb the water and salt.
Magnesium - 400 mg Daily
Mg is a jack-of-all-trades in terms of micronutrients. Magnesium is involved with ATP, the production of energy, and protein synthesis.
Activates Vitamin D
Regulates Blood Pressure and Sodium
Magnesium helps metabolize carbohydrates therefore a carnivore diet does not require the recommended daily dose of 400 mg /d; however, beef alone does not sufficiently provide Mg.
Sodium - 5000mg Daily
Na requires a balance of intake, hydration, sweat, muscle meat, and Himalayan salt.
Balances water and other electrolytes
Prevents muscle fatigue
Mitigates nerve damage
Sodium is easy to supplement. Buy Himalayan salt from your local supermarket or use table salt in a pinch (no pun intended)!
Liver - 100g Daily
A carnivore diet limited to muscle meat leaves a deficiency in many nutrients:
Vitamin B2, B5, B7, B9
Beef Liver provides natural supplementation to the traditional carnivore diet.
Glycine - 10g Daily
Glycine is a non-essential amino acid that is not produced in sufficient quantities by the body for optimal health.
Sleep and Relaxation
Protects Skin from Aging
Methionine from beef and muscle meat partially blocks the absorption of existing glycine resulting in a need for more glycine!
Glycine is found in collagen, an abundant protein acting as connective tissue.
Source of Glycine: tendons, bone broth, glycine powder, gelatin.
DHA Omega-3 - 500mg Daily
Omega-6 (seed oils) and glucose (sugar) block the absorption of Omega-3. Carnivore diet requires less than the RDA of 500mg per day however muscle meat is deficient in Omega-3.
1 lb of steak contains 50mg of Omega-3. Muscle meat and beef liver may not be sufficient for DHA Omega-3.
Sources: Ruminant brains, Salmon Roe, and Trout.
Supplemented Carnivore Diet
Carnivore Code by Paul Saladino, MD
Fasting Method by Dr. Jason Fung, MD
Obesity Code by Dr. Jason Fung, MD
Carnivore Diet by Shawn Baker, MD